Different dynasties have different Chinese ancient clothing. Hanfu, Han dynasty’s traditional dresses, has a history of more than three millennia. Japanese traditional clothing, on the other hand, is changing with every dynasty.
During the Shang Dynasty, the basic design of the Ancient Chinese clothing Hanfu was largely developed. It had 2 basic styles. The Yi was the coat worn on top, and the Shang was the skirt worn beneath it. A Sash replaced buttons on any ancient Chinese clothing. The clothing was in warm tones. During the Zhou dynasty, the sleeves became narrow as well as broad in western China. The length of the skirt varied from knee length to the ankle. Different sizes and styles created a distinction between the people who wore them. Ancient Chinese clothing not only used minimal stitching on the garment but also used embroidery and silk sashes to design the dresses.
Japanese ancient clothing was largely influenced by Chinese clothing. Chinese dresses and styles were brought into Japan during the Han Dynasty due to the Vigorous trade between Japan and its continental neighbors. Influenced by the Tang styles and Sui dynasty from China, Japan was developing from a collection of loose clans to an Empire. Like the Chinese, all Japanese robes were to be worn from left to right. Chinese influence began dying out and Chinese characters began being abbreviated in Japanese script during the Heian period. Separate themselves from Chinese influence by colors, combinations and fabric.
The Kamakura period saw a number of clashes and war clans within Japan after the Heian period. Soon, ancient Japanese clothing underwent another change. Now, clothes became more functional. For more usable clothing, the number of layers and broad sleeved clothes were shunned. Next, the imperial land split into a southern and northern court. The soft court life had greatly influenced these people’s lives. Obviously, fights resumed and the gradual decadence is in the elaborate dresses of the period. Ladies had stopped wearing the Hakama. The robes were lengthened to ankle level. At this time, veils and robes over the head were some strange ways experimented and worn.
Japanese ancient clothing was mainly robes with religious and auspicious patterns. Dragons were printed with 9 yellow dragons as well as 5 cloud patterns. Only the emperors could wear these heavily embroidered robes. Ancient Chinese women also wear another once piece dress – the Cheongsam that had a high neck with a closed collar and short or medium sleeves. And, a fitted waist is buttoned on sides.
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